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domain value

Enabling environments

Income security

Health status



Life expectancy at 60

How many more years can a 60-year-old expect to live


Healthy life expectancy aged 60

The average number of years a person can expect to live in good health.


Pension coverage

% people over 65 receiving a pension

National policy on ageing?

No information available

11.3 million people over 60







% of population over 60

Spain ranks high in the Index, at 25 overall.

It ranks highest in the health domain (3) with life expectancy at 60 (25), healthy life expectancy at 60 (19) and relative psychological well-being (95%) all above regional averages.

Spain also ranks high in the enabling environment domain (22) with satisfaction of older people with safety (68%) and public transport (71%) above the regional average.

It performs moderately in the income security domain (37), with a pension income coverage (68.2%) that is 23 percentage points below the regional average.

The country ranks lowest in the capability domain (78). This decrease from the 2014 ranking (56) is due to revision of educational attainment data.

Quick link to further information

Rank by domain

Indicators data What does this mean?
Pension coverage: 68.2 % people over 65 receiving a pension.
Old age poverty rate: 7.1 % of people aged 60+ with an income of less than half the country's median income.
Relative welfare: 104.0 Average income/consumption of people aged 60+ as a % of average income/consumption of the rest of the population.
GNI per capita: US$ 31,642.6 This is a proxy for standard of living of people within a country. It aims to provide comparison across countries.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Life expectancy at 60: 25 The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live.
Healthy life expectancy at 60:18.9 The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live in good health.
Relative psychological/mental wellbeing:95.4 % of people over 50 who feel their life has meaning compared with people aged 35-49 who feel the same.
The indicator measures self-assessed mental well-being.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Employment of older people: 43.2 % of the population aged 55-64 that are employed.
The indicator measures older people's access to the labour market and their ability to supplement pension income with wages, and their access to work related networks. The employment rate is a proxy for the economic empowerment of older people.
Educational attainment:29.2 % of population aged 60+ with secondary or higher education.
Education is a proxy of lifetime accumulation of skills and competencies that shows social and human capital potential inherent among older people.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Social connections: 86 % of people over 50 who have relatives or friends they can count on when in trouble.
Physical safety: 68 % of people over 50 who feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where they live.
Civic freedom: 75 % of people over 50 who are satisfied with the freedom of choice in their life.
Access to public transport: 71 % of people over 50 who are satisfied with the local public transportation systems.

Social pension

Social pensions are non-contributory cash transfers to older people, provided by government. For more information see

Blog | Spain: A new generation of active older people

HelpAge International Spain (HelpAge Affiliate).

Post a comment | 2 comments

Comments submitted for this page

  • Adrián (16 September 2015)

    In Spain the goverment should take care our elders people trying to give them a non stressful life from their retirement. A big percent of old people in Spain is dealing with economical and family problems when they deserve to live a quiet life.

  • Josep de Martí (09 September 2015)

    Hi, I'm writing from Spain where I direct a website addressed to the nursing home industry and to those working in or seeking a nursing home or other services addressed to the elder (
    . I think that the fabulous information you share would better if it showed the ammount of social services addressed to the aged offered in any particular country (nursing homes, day care centers

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