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AgeWatch report card



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domain value

Enabling environments

Income security

Health status



Life expectancy at 60

How many more years can a 60-year-old expect to live


Healthy life expectancy aged 60

The average number of years a person can expect to live in good health.


Pension coverage

% people over 65 receiving a pension

National policy on ageing?

No information available

12.1 million people over 60







% of population over 60


Pakistan ranks low on the Index, at 91 overall. It ranks moderately in the capability domain (44), with near regional average values for employment (56.2%) and educational attainment (26.7%).

It ranks low in the health domain (78), with below regional average values for life expectancy and above average for psychological wellbeing. It ranks lower in the enabling environment domain (81), but this is a significant increase from its 2013 ranking (91). This was due to a rise in values for social connectedness (60%), perception of safety (65%) and civic freedom (46%). However, values for these indicators remain below regional averages.

It ranks second lowest overall (95) in the income security domain. This is a significant decrease from its 2013 ranking (84) due to revised pension data. It now ranks lowest in its region for pension income coverage (2.3%), though it also has the lowest old age poverty rate (1.8%) and a low GDP.

Age Demands Action campaigners in Pakistan are calling for the inclusion of older people in social protection policies and programmes.

Download detailed AgeWatch domain rank commentary for Pakistan (365 kb). 

Quick link to further information

Rank by domain

Indicators data What does this mean?
Pension coverage: 2.3 % people over 65 receiving a pension.
Old age poverty rate: 1.8 % of people aged 60+ with an income of less than half the country's median income.
Relative welfare: 103.9 Average income/consumption of people aged 60+ as a % of average income/consumption of the rest of the population.
GDP per capita: US$ 2,348.2 This is a proxy for standard of living of people within a country. It aims to provide comparison across countries.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Life expectancy at 60: 17 The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live.
Healthy life expectancy at 60:13.8 The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live in good health.
Relative psychological/mental wellbeing:96.0 % of people over 50 who feel their life has meaning compared with people aged 35-49 who feel the same.
The indicator measures self-assessed mental well-being.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Employment of older people: 56.2 % of the population aged 55-64 that are employed.
The indicator measures older people's access to the labour market and their ability to supplement pension income with wages, and their access to work related networks. The employment rate is a proxy for the economic empowerment of older people.
Educational attainment:26.7 % of population aged 60+ with secondary or higher education.
Education is a proxy of lifetime accumulation of skills and competencies that shows social and human capital potential inherent among older people.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Social connections: 60 % of people over 50 who have relatives or friends they can count on when in trouble.
Physical safety: 65 % of people over 50 who feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where they live.
Civic freedom: 46 % of people over 50 who are satisfied with the freedom of choice in their life.
Access to public transport: 55 % of people over 50 who are satisfied with the local public transportation systems.

Social pension

Social pensions are non-contributory cash transfers to older people, provided by government. For more information see

There is no social pension in Pakistan.

Pakistan Medico International (HelpAge Affiliate).

HelpAge activity in Pakistan

Post a comment | 1 comment


No doubt the group working on this assignment have worked very hard. My fear is that the well being of the old has a factor beyond money, the love, affection, help, mutual understanding. I have seen a large number of old people suffering from psychological disorders due to Loneliness and being neglected and rejected by the society in the most developed countries. Yes Pakistan has no social Pension but how many developing countries have it, unfortunately these bad days of Pakistan anything can be said and it stands as divine, they say in English "call it a dog and hang it". Before I finish I must pay my compliments to the researchers who worked hard.

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