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AgeWatch report card



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domain value

Enabling environments

Income security

Health status



Life expectancy at 60

How many more years can a 60-year-old expect to live


Healthy life expectancy aged 60

The average number of years a person can expect to live in good health.


Pension coverage

% people over 65 receiving a pension

National policy on ageing?

No information available

12.5 million people over 60







% of population over 60

Pakistan ranks low on the Global AgeWatch Index, at 92 overall. It ranks low in all domains. It performs best in the capability domain (70). The fall from 2014 (44) is due to the revision of educational attainment data. Now 15.8% of older people hold secondary or higher degree, compared with the regional average of 30%.

The country ranks lowly in the health domain (78), due to low life expectancy at 60 (17) and healthy life expectancy at 60 (13.8) compared with regional averages (19.3 and 14.8 respectively). It ranks lowly in the enabling environment domain (81) due to low satisfaction of older people with social connectedness (60%), civic freedom (46%) and public transport (55%), compared with regional averages (69%, 67%, and 65% respectively).

It ranks second lowest overall (95) in the income security domain. It has lowest pension coverage (2.3%) in the region, the lowest old age poverty rate (1.8%) and lower than regional average GNI per capita (US$4,557).

Age Demands Action campaigners in Pakistan will work with 26 plder people's associations to lobby for the speedy implementation of legislation affecting older people that was approved last year. Campaigners hope to talk to the chief minister, speaker of the parliament and the social welfare minister.

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Rank by domain

Indicators data What does this mean?
Pension coverage: 2.3 % people over 65 receiving a pension.
Old age poverty rate: 1.8 % of people aged 60+ with an income of less than half the country's median income.
Relative welfare: 103.9 Average income/consumption of people aged 60+ as a % of average income/consumption of the rest of the population.
GNI per capita: US$ 4,557.3 This is a proxy for standard of living of people within a country. It aims to provide comparison across countries.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Life expectancy at 60: 17 The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live.
Healthy life expectancy at 60:13.8 The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live in good health.
Relative psychological/mental wellbeing:96.0 % of people over 50 who feel their life has meaning compared with people aged 35-49 who feel the same.
The indicator measures self-assessed mental well-being.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Employment of older people: 56.2 % of the population aged 55-64 that are employed.
The indicator measures older people's access to the labour market and their ability to supplement pension income with wages, and their access to work related networks. The employment rate is a proxy for the economic empowerment of older people.
Educational attainment:15.8 % of population aged 60+ with secondary or higher education.
Education is a proxy of lifetime accumulation of skills and competencies that shows social and human capital potential inherent among older people.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Social connections: 60 % of people over 50 who have relatives or friends they can count on when in trouble.
Physical safety: 65 % of people over 50 who feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where they live.
Civic freedom: 46 % of people over 50 who are satisfied with the freedom of choice in their life.
Access to public transport: 55 % of people over 50 who are satisfied with the local public transportation systems.

Social pension

Social pensions are non-contributory cash transfers to older people, provided by government. For more information see

There is no social pension in Pakistan.

Pakistan Medico International (HelpAge Affiliate).

HelpAge activity in Pakistan

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