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AgeWatch report card

8th

Japan

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Key

Country
domain value
Regional
average

Enabling environments

Income security

Health status

Capability

26

Life expectancy at 60

How many more years can a 60-year-old expect to live

20.3

Healthy life expectancy aged 60

The average number of years a person can expect to live in good health.

98%

Pension coverage

% people over 65 receiving a pension

National policy on ageing?

No information available

41.9 million people over 60

33.1

2015

37.3

2030

42.5

2050

% of population over 60

Japan ranks high on the Global AgeWatch Index, at 8 overall - the highest in its region. It has the highest proportion of older people in the world (32.8%) and ranks consistently high in all domains.

It ranks first on the index in the health domain, with the highest values for health expectancy at 60 (26) and healthy life expectancy at 60 (20.3) in its region.

The country ranks high in the capability domain (7), with above regional average values on all indicators. It ranks high in the enabling environment domain (21), with above regional average values on three out of four indicators: social connectedness (89%), safety (76%) and civic freedom (78%).

It ranks lowest in the income domain (33), but still has above regional and Index averages for pension income coverage and the highest GNI per capita in its region.

Quick link to further information

Rank by domain

Indicators data What does this mean?
Pension coverage: 98.4 % people over 65 receiving a pension.
Old age poverty rate: 19.4 % of people aged 60+ with an income of less than half the country's median income.
Relative welfare: 87.7 Average income/consumption of people aged 60+ as a % of average income/consumption of the rest of the population.
GNI per capita: US$ 36,092.8 This is a proxy for standard of living of people within a country. It aims to provide comparison across countries.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Life expectancy at 60: 26 The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live.
Healthy life expectancy at 60:20.3 The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live in good health.
Relative psychological/mental wellbeing:87.8 % of people over 50 who feel their life has meaning compared with people aged 35-49 who feel the same.
The indicator measures self-assessed mental well-being.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Employment of older people: 66.8 % of the population aged 55-64 that are employed.
The indicator measures older people's access to the labour market and their ability to supplement pension income with wages, and their access to work related networks. The employment rate is a proxy for the economic empowerment of older people.
Educational attainment:74.1 % of population aged 60+ with secondary or higher education.
Education is a proxy of lifetime accumulation of skills and competencies that shows social and human capital potential inherent among older people.
Indicators data What does this mean?
Social connections: 89 % of people over 50 who have relatives or friends they can count on when in trouble.
Physical safety: 76 % of people over 50 who feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where they live.
Civic freedom: 78 % of people over 50 who are satisfied with the freedom of choice in their life.
Access to public transport: 60 % of people over 50 who are satisfied with the local public transportation systems.

Social pension

Social pensions are non-contributory cash transfers to older people, provided by government. For more information see www.pension-watch.net.

There is no social pension in Japan.

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