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AgeWatch report card: Japan

Global AgeWatch rank

10 out of 91

Global AgeWatch value

83.1

Shows how near a country is to the ideal value of 100.

Total population

127.2 million

Population over 60

40.0 million

% of population over 60

31.6%

Overview

Japan ranks 10 on the Global AgeWatch Index, the highest in the region with high levels of employment and education, and income security. Indeed, all Japanese over the age of 65 receive a pension.

Japanese older people have the highest life expectancy in the world as those who are 60 can expect to live for another 26 years, the majority of those in good health.

Japan has the highest proportion of older adults globally. Recognising this challenge, the government has passed a number of laws and policies to address ageing. For instance, to deal with rising long term care costs, they have incorporated disability prevention services into long term care benefits and are exploring ways to promote independent living.

Rank by domain

27 Value: 80.7/100

Indicators data

What does this mean?

Pension coverage: 127.6

% people over 65 receiving a pension.

(Percentage over 100 indicates that pension coverage starts before age 65.)

Old age poverty rate: 19.4%

% of people aged 60+ with an income of less than half the country's median income.

Relative welfare: 86.6

Average income/consumption of people aged 60+ as a % of average income/consumption of the rest of the population.

GDP per capita: US$ 30,965.4

This is a proxy for standard of living of people within a country. It aims to provide comparison across countries.

5 Value: 76.9/100

Indicators data

What does this mean?

Life expectancy at 60: 26 years

The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live.

Healthy life expectancy at 60: 20.3 years

The average number of years a person aged 60 can expect to live in good health.

Relative psychological/mental wellbeing: 78.1

% of people over 50 who feel their life has meaning compared with people aged 35-49 who feel the same.

The indicator measures self-assessed mental well-being.

Employment and education

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10 Value: 66.2/100

Indicators data

What does this mean?

Employment of older people: 64.9%

% of the population aged 55-64 that are employed.

The indicator measures older people's access to the labour market and their ability to supplement pension income with wages, and their access to work related networks. The employment rate is a proxy for the economic empowerment of older people.

Educational attainment: 64.1%

% of population aged 60+ with secondary or higher education.

Education is a proxy of lifetime accumulation of skills and competencies that shows social and human capital potential inherent among older people.

Enabling societies and environment

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19 Value: 77.2/100

Indicators data

What does this mean?

Social connections: 88%

% of people over 50 who have relatives or friends they can count on when in trouble.

Physical safety: 80%

% of people over 50 who feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where they live.

Civic freedom: 71%

% of people over 50 who are satisfied with the freedom of choice in their life.

Access to public transport: 71%

% of people over 50 who are satisfied with the local public transportation systems.

Older population

  • Percentage of population aged 60+

  • Percentage of population aged 80+

  • Percentage of population aged 60+

  • Percentage of population aged 80+

31.6% of the population

World ranking

1

of 195

41.5% of the population

World ranking

1

of 195

6.9% of the population

World ranking

1

of 195

14.6% of the population

World ranking

1

of 195

Policies and ageing

Introduction of national policy on ageing since 2002 before 2002 (Basic Law on Measures for an Aging Society 1995; General Principles Concerning Measures for an Aging Society 1996)
Introduction of national legislation for older people since 2002 n/a

Social pension

Social pensions are non-contributory cash transfers to older people, provided by government. For more information see www.pension-watch.net.

There is no social pension in Japan.

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